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「Android/HttpRequest通信/HttpURLConnection」の版間の差分

提供: 初心者エンジニアの簡易メモ
移動: 案内検索
(サンプル)
(サンプル)
行5: 行5:
 
==サンプル==
 
==サンプル==
 
同期処理のみ(AsyncTaskなどで実行すること)
 
同期処理のみ(AsyncTaskなどで実行すること)
 +
 
get
 
get
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
CustomHttpURLConnection http = new CustomHttpURLConnection();
 
CustomHttpURLConnection http = new CustomHttpURLConnection();
 +
HashMap<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
 +
params.put("errorlog", stackTrace);
 +
http.setParams(params);
 
http.execGet("https://api.github.com/feeds");
 
http.execGet("https://api.github.com/feeds");
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
行13: 行17:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
CustomHttpURLConnection http = new CustomHttpURLConnection();
 
CustomHttpURLConnection http = new CustomHttpURLConnection();
 +
HashMap<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
 +
params.put("errorlog", stackTrace);
 +
http.setParams(params);
 
http.execPost("https://api.github.com/feeds");
 
http.execPost("https://api.github.com/feeds");
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 
  
 
CustomHttpURLConnection.java
 
CustomHttpURLConnection.java
行30: 行36:
 
class CustomHttpURLConnection
 
class CustomHttpURLConnection
 
{
 
{
     public void execGet(String strGetUrl) {
+
    HttpURLConnection urlConn = null;
 +
    HashMap<String,String> mParams;
 +
    public void setParams(HashMap<String,String> params) {
 +
        mParams = params;
 +
    }
 +
     public void execGet(String strUrl) {
 
         // System.setProperty("http.agent", "Dalvik/2.1.0 (Linux; U; Android 9; H8216 Build/PDP-PKQ1.180708.001-10229)"); // System.getProperty("http.agent");
 
         // System.setProperty("http.agent", "Dalvik/2.1.0 (Linux; U; Android 9; H8216 Build/PDP-PKQ1.180708.001-10229)"); // System.getProperty("http.agent");
 
         Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "ua=" + System.getProperty("http.agent"));
 
         Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "ua=" + System.getProperty("http.agent"));
        HttpURLConnection urlConn = null;
 
 
         InputStream in = null;
 
         InputStream in = null;
 
         BufferedReader reader = null;
 
         BufferedReader reader = null;
 
         try {
 
         try {
             URL url = new URL(strGetUrl);
+
            if (mParams.size() > 0) {
 +
                Uri.Builder builder = new Uri.Builder();
 +
                Set keys  = mParams.keySet();
 +
                for (Object key : keys) {
 +
                    builder.appendQueryParameter((String) key, mParams.get((String) key));
 +
                }
 +
                String join = builder.build().getEncodedQuery();
 +
                Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "join=" + join);
 +
                strUrl = strUrl + "?" + join;
 +
            }
 +
            Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "url=" + strUrl);
 +
             URL url = new URL(strUrl);
 
             urlConn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
 
             urlConn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
 
             urlConn.addRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/json; charset=UTF-8");
 
             urlConn.addRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/json; charset=UTF-8");
 
             urlConn.setRequestMethod("GET");
 
             urlConn.setRequestMethod("GET");
//      urlConn.setRequestMethod("POST");
 
 
             urlConn.setConnectTimeout(10000); // 10s
 
             urlConn.setConnectTimeout(10000); // 10s
 
             urlConn.setReadTimeout(1000); // 1s
 
             urlConn.setReadTimeout(1000); // 1s
行47: 行67:
 
             int status = urlConn.getResponseCode();
 
             int status = urlConn.getResponseCode();
 
             Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "status_code=" + status);
 
             Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "status_code=" + status);
 +
            if (status == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
 +
                in = urlConn.getInputStream();
 +
                reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));
 +
                StringBuilder output = new StringBuilder();
 +
                String line;
 +
                while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
 +
                    output.append(line);
 +
                }
 +
                Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "res=" + output.toString());
 +
            }
 +
        } catch (SocketTimeoutException e) {
 +
            e.printStackTrace();
 +
        } catch (IOException e) {
 +
            e.printStackTrace();
 +
        } finally {
 +
            try {
 +
                if (reader != null) {
 +
                    reader.close();
 +
                }
 +
                if (urlConn != null) {
 +
                    urlConn.disconnect();
 +
                }
 +
            } catch (IOException e) {
 +
                e.printStackTrace();
 +
            }
 +
        }
 +
    }
 +
    public void execPost(String strUrl) {
 +
        // System.setProperty("http.agent", "Dalvik/2.1.0 (Linux; U; Android 9; H8216 Build/PDP-PKQ1.180708.001-10229)"); // System.getProperty("http.agent");
 +
        Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "ua=" + System.getProperty("http.agent"));
 +
        HttpURLConnection urlConn = null;
 +
        InputStream in = null;
 +
        BufferedReader reader = null;
 +
        try {
 +
            URL url = new URL(strUrl);
 +
            urlConn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
 +
            urlConn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
 +
            urlConn.setRequestMethod("POST");
 +
            urlConn.setConnectTimeout(10000); // 10s
 +
            urlConn.setReadTimeout(1000); // 1s
 +
            urlConn.setInstanceFollowRedirects(false);
 +
            urlConn.setRequestProperty("Accept-Language", "jp");
 +
            urlConn.setDoOutput(true);
 +
            OutputStream outputStream = urlConn.getOutputStream();
 +
            Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "mParams.size()=" + mParams.size());
 +
            if (mParams.size() > 0) {
 +
                Uri.Builder builder = new Uri.Builder();
 +
                Set keys  = mParams.keySet();
 +
                for (Object key : keys) {
 +
                    builder.appendQueryParameter((String) key, mParams.get((String) key));
 +
                }
 +
                String join = builder.build().getEncodedQuery();
 +
                Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "join=" + join);
 +
                PrintWriter ps = new PrintWriter(outputStream);
 +
                ps.print(join);
 +
                ps.close();
 +
            }
 +
            outputStream.close();
 +
            int status = urlConn.getResponseCode();
 +
            String resmessage = urlConn.getResponseMessage();
 +
            Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "status_code=" + status);
 +
            Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "message=" + resmessage);
 
             if (status == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
 
             if (status == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
 
                 in = urlConn.getInputStream();
 
                 in = urlConn.getInputStream();
行76: 行158:
 
}
 
}
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 +
 +
post時の参考:https://araramistudio.jimdo.com/2018/03/15/android%E3%81%A7http%E3%82%92%E4%BD%BF%E3%81%A3%E3%81%9F%E3%83%8D%E3%83%83%E3%83%88%E3%83%AF%E3%83%BC%E3%82%AF%E6%8E%A5%E7%B6%9A/
 +
 +
urlConn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"); はjsonでなくpost時はこんな感じにしないとならない。
  
 
uaはサーバに接続して変更設定されていることを確認済み。
 
uaはサーバに接続して変更設定されていることを確認済み。

2019年7月9日 (火) 15:52時点における版

準備

AndroidManifest.xml

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />

サンプル

同期処理のみ(AsyncTaskなどで実行すること)

get

CustomHttpURLConnection http = new CustomHttpURLConnection();
HashMap<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
params.put("errorlog", stackTrace);
http.setParams(params);
http.execGet("https://api.github.com/feeds");

post

CustomHttpURLConnection http = new CustomHttpURLConnection();
HashMap<String, String> params = new HashMap<String, String>();
params.put("errorlog", stackTrace);
http.setParams(params);
http.execPost("https://api.github.com/feeds");

CustomHttpURLConnection.java

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.HttpURLConnection;
import java.net.SocketTimeoutException;
import java.net.URL;
import android.util.Log;

class CustomHttpURLConnection
{
    HttpURLConnection urlConn = null;
    HashMap<String,String> mParams;
    public void setParams(HashMap<String,String> params) {
        mParams = params;
    }
    public void execGet(String strUrl) {
        // System.setProperty("http.agent", "Dalvik/2.1.0 (Linux; U; Android 9; H8216 Build/PDP-PKQ1.180708.001-10229)"); // System.getProperty("http.agent");
        Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "ua=" + System.getProperty("http.agent"));
        InputStream in = null;
        BufferedReader reader = null;
        try {
            if (mParams.size() > 0) {
                Uri.Builder builder = new Uri.Builder();
                Set keys  = mParams.keySet();
                for (Object key : keys) {
                    builder.appendQueryParameter((String) key, mParams.get((String) key));
                }
                String join = builder.build().getEncodedQuery();
                Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "join=" + join);
                strUrl = strUrl + "?" + join;
            }
            Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "url=" + strUrl);
            URL url = new URL(strUrl);
            urlConn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            urlConn.addRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/json; charset=UTF-8");
            urlConn.setRequestMethod("GET");
            urlConn.setConnectTimeout(10000); // 10s
            urlConn.setReadTimeout(1000); // 1s
            urlConn.connect();
            int status = urlConn.getResponseCode();
            Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "status_code=" + status);
            if (status == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
                in = urlConn.getInputStream();
                reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));
                StringBuilder output = new StringBuilder();
                String line;
                while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                    output.append(line);
                }
                Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "res=" + output.toString());
            }
        } catch (SocketTimeoutException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            try {
                if (reader != null) {
                    reader.close();
                }
                if (urlConn != null) {
                    urlConn.disconnect();
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
    public void execPost(String strUrl) {
        // System.setProperty("http.agent", "Dalvik/2.1.0 (Linux; U; Android 9; H8216 Build/PDP-PKQ1.180708.001-10229)"); // System.getProperty("http.agent");
        Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "ua=" + System.getProperty("http.agent"));
        HttpURLConnection urlConn = null;
        InputStream in = null;
        BufferedReader reader = null;
        try {
            URL url = new URL(strUrl);
            urlConn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection();
            urlConn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
            urlConn.setRequestMethod("POST");
            urlConn.setConnectTimeout(10000); // 10s
            urlConn.setReadTimeout(1000); // 1s
            urlConn.setInstanceFollowRedirects(false);
            urlConn.setRequestProperty("Accept-Language", "jp");
            urlConn.setDoOutput(true);
            OutputStream outputStream = urlConn.getOutputStream();
            Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "mParams.size()=" + mParams.size());
            if (mParams.size() > 0) {
                Uri.Builder builder = new Uri.Builder();
                Set keys  = mParams.keySet();
                for (Object key : keys) {
                    builder.appendQueryParameter((String) key, mParams.get((String) key));
                }
                String join = builder.build().getEncodedQuery();
                Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "join=" + join);
                PrintWriter ps = new PrintWriter(outputStream);
                ps.print(join);
                ps.close();
            }
            outputStream.close();
            int status = urlConn.getResponseCode();
            String resmessage = urlConn.getResponseMessage();
            Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "status_code=" + status);
            Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "message=" + resmessage);
            if (status == HttpURLConnection.HTTP_OK) {
                in = urlConn.getInputStream();
                reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));
                StringBuilder output = new StringBuilder();
                String line;
                while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                    output.append(line);
                }
                Log.i("HttpURLConnection", "res=" + output.toString());
            }
        } catch (SocketTimeoutException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } finally {
            try {
                if (reader != null) {
                    reader.close();
                }
                if (urlConn != null) {
                    urlConn.disconnect();
                }
            } catch (IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }
    }
}

post時の参考:https://araramistudio.jimdo.com/2018/03/15/android%E3%81%A7http%E3%82%92%E4%BD%BF%E3%81%A3%E3%81%9F%E3%83%8D%E3%83%83%E3%83%88%E3%83%AF%E3%83%BC%E3%82%AF%E6%8E%A5%E7%B6%9A/

urlConn.setRequestProperty("Content-Type", "application/x-www-form-urlencoded"); はjsonでなくpost時はこんな感じにしないとならない。

uaはサーバに接続して変更設定されていることを確認済み。

ドメイン接続許可しないエラーが出るときはこちらを確認

android/開発環境/Android8 [ショートカット]

参考

https://itsakura.com/java-httpurlconnection

http://d.hatena.ne.jp/Kazuhira/20131026/1382796711

uaを設定しない場合とwebviewからもてっくる場合

HttpURLConnectionのuaデフォ(System.getProperty("http.agent");)

Dalvik/2.1.0 (Linux; U; Android 9; Pixel 2 XL Build/PPR2.181005.003)

webviewのua android/webview/useragent [ショートカット]

Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; Android 9; Pixel 2 XL Build/PPR2.181005.003; wv) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 Chrome/70.0.3538.110 Mobile Safari/537.36

retry処理

本来のget処理をexecGetCore()に入れる

    public boolean execGet() throws Exception {
        Exception tmpException = null;
        for (int retry = 0; retry <= mRetry; retry++) {
            try {
                boolean ret = execGetCore();
                if (ret) {
                    return ret;
                }
            } catch (Exception e) {
                tmpException = e;
            }
        }
        if (Exception != null) {
            throw tmpException;
        }
        return false;
    }

async経由

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.DialogInterface;
import android.content.DialogInterface.OnCancelListener;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.util.Log;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.net.URLEncoder;
/*
HttpAsyncTask task = new HttpAsyncTask();
task.setParam1("hoge");
*/
public class HttpAsyncTask extends AsyncTask<String, Integer, Long>
        implements OnCancelListener {
    private final String TAG = "MyAsyncTask";
    private Context mContext;
    private Activity mActivity;
    private String param1;
    public HttpAsyncTask(Context context) {
        this.mContext = context;
    }
    public void setActivity(Activity activity) {
        mActivity = activity;
    }
    public void setParam1(String str) {
        this.param1 = str;
    }
    @Override
    protected void onPreExecute() {
        Log.d(TAG, "onPreExecute");
    }
    @Override
    protected Long doInBackground(String... urls) {
        CustomHttpURLConnection http = new CustomHttpURLConnection();
        try {
            String encode = URLEncoder.encode(param1, "UTF-8");
            String url = "ttps://hoge.example.com/hoge?param1=" + encode;
            http.execGet(url);
            Log.d(TAG, url);
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return 123L;
    }
    @Override
    protected void onProgressUpdate(Integer... values) {
        Log.d(TAG, "onProgressUpdate=" + values[0]);
    }
    @Override
    protected void onCancelled() {
        Log.d(TAG, "onCancelled");
    }
    @Override
    protected void onPostExecute(Long result) {
        Log.d(TAG, "onPostExecute=" + result);
    }
    public void onCancel(DialogInterface dialog) {
        Log.d(TAG, "Dialog onCancell... calling cancel(true)");
        this.cancel(true);
    }
}